How to Eliminate Mirror Hang with a SMC Takumar 50mm f/1.4
April 4th, 2015
Several years ago I (like many other photographers) discovered the joys of shooting vintage glass on my modern DSLRs. I’ve tried out a number of old lenses in various mounts, including M42, Contax C/Y, Pentax K, Tamron Adaptall, Konica, and at least one other that I cannot remember. My favorite of these is M42, as this mount (often called the screw mount) is very easy to adapt to other mounts. The fact that it screws into the adapter means that the lens mount tends to be more stable and less prone to feeling “wobbly”. Still, the majority of these mounts are easily adaptable to the Canon EF mount through inexpensive adapters (typically less than $15) that are very easy to find on Ebay. For a while I haunted the pawn shops in my area and cleaned out their stock of old lenses. I also have bought a few off of Ebay and Kijijii (sort of a Canadian Craigslist for those unfamiliar). You can check out a gallery of images taken with these lenses on Flickr here. The majority of these I ended up reselling on Ebay; some at a profit, some for cost, but almost never at a loss. I’ve tried at least thirty vintage lenses, but these are the one that have stayed with me when others have moved on.
- SMC Takumar 28mm f/3.5
- Super Takumar 35mm f/3.5
- SMC Takumar 50mm f/1.4
- Zeiss Planar T* 1.7/50mm
- SMC Takumar 55mm f/1.8
- Helios 44-2 (58mm f/2)
- Vivitar 135mm f/2.8
- Super Takumar 150mm f/4
The SMC (Super-Multi-Coated) Takumar 50mm f/1.4 is one that left the fold for a while and only recently reentered it. You’ve probably noticed that I’ve got four 50mmish primes (part of the reason that I don’t own a modern 50mm), and so I had decided years ago that the 50mm f/1.4 just wasn’t worth the hassle. The 55mm f/1.8 was nearly as good, and I was able to use it on my full frame DSLR bodies without any issue. The SMC Takumar 50mm f/1.4 was another story. I discovered that when focused near or at infinity, the rear flange of the lens would catch on the mirror of the camera body when the shutter activated and cause it to hang (often producing a partially black image). The lens would hang until the lens was backed away from infinity focus and it could release. Another shot could not be taken until this was done, and there was also the risk of causing permanent damage to the camera (although I’ve had this happen dozens of times over the years with at least three different bodies and no damage). Still, it didn’t seem worth the risk to a two thousand dollar camera for an $80 lens. One workaround was to only shoot near infinity in Live View mode (the mirror stays out of the way during Live View and a DSLR acts more like a mirrorless body). The one issue with this is that it is easy to forget to back the focus away from infinity before turning off the camera or exiting Live View. There was the mirror hang again!
I periodically get the itch to use these lenses, and during a recent period where I had a modern throwback to this era (the Rokinon 50mm f/1.4), I decided I wanted one again. Shockingly, the problem with the mirror hang still existed! I had found that I was able to fix a wobbly adapter mount for my Zeiss Planar T* 1.7/50mm by putting some double sided taped between the native lens mount and the adapter, so I thought I would give it a try with this lens and seem if it would move the lens ahead just enough that the flange of the rear element would no longer catch at infinity.
Here is a quick little video to show you just what I did and how it enabled me to be able to focus through the focal range without the dread mirror hang.
As an added bonus I have found that images appear…better. It’s as if the lens is better aligned with the sensor and is producing better results. I still have infinity focus as well…so this seems to be a win-win.
Here is a gallery of images that I took the same day I shot this video. I used a Canon EOS 6D body with an EG-S focus screen installed to help manual focus (my keeper rate is very high with this combination). Several of them are shot at infinity, and other than one (a portrait oriented shot of a tree lined, snow covered path), they are all shot at either f/1.4 or f/2. I should also point out that is, to put it kindly, the ugly time of year. Even so, I got a number of nice looking images in a thirty minute walkabout. They have not received any post-processing and are straight out of camera. As you can see, the lens has unique color (quite warm) and very nice bokeh. It lacks a little contrast wide open, but makes up for it at smaller apertures.
It is still a very capable lens many decades after its release, and the build quality is beautiful. The focus ring is beautifully damped and moves very smoothly. It has eight aperture blades, although the aperture becomes octagonal by f/2.8. Still, an octagon is better than what the nifty fifty (EF 50mm f/1.8) and its five blades look like when stopped down, and this lens is built more like a Zeiss than like the “plastic fantastic”. This lens is still a very compelling option at the 50mm focal length, particularly when you consider that one can often find one well under $100 (I paid about $80 shipped for my very nice copy).
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7 thoughts on “How to Eliminate Mirror Hang with a SMC Takumar 50mm f/1.4”
What about the Aperture and Focusing mechanism?
I want to buy the Super-Multi-Coated Takumar 50mm f/1.4 aswell and am glad that its infinity-focus problem can be solved quite easily. (I do hope, however, that it will work on my 1Ds mk III too.)
However, I also found some conflicting discussions concerning the pin for Aperture movement and the A/M-switch in combination with different kinds of M43-EF-adapters.
Is there anything specific to look for when buying the adapter?
I really want the AF confirm chip, it helps a LOT when the camera beeps happily when shooting. :o)
Just make sure to buy one of the adapters that has a flange. It will depress that pin and keep it out of your way. I would recommend getting this adapter: http://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1009420-REG/fotodiox_m42_eos_fl_dc_p_adapter_for_m42_lens.html/BI/19614/KBID/12112/kw/FOPCECAM42F/DFF/d10-v2-t1-xFOPCECAM42F. The Fotodiox Pro adapters are tooled more precisely than most of the ones from China on Ebay, and the price is great, too.
I got to know your website recently and like it a lot because your comments combine common sense, enthusiasm and useful examples. Don't stop !
About a year ago I came across a Helios 44, 58mm f/2 "white" aluminium finish, 13 aperture blades, M39 mount with a M39-M42 adapter, preset aperture, in optically very good shape, that I guess to be about 50 years old.
This lens is far from optically perfect near the borders and corners of the frame ; once you close the aperture to say, f/4, all is well.
THIS OLDIE GIVES ME SOME LONG FORGOTTEN, OLD FASHIONED PHOTOGRAPHING FUN !
I had to buy 2 adapters for my EOS6D before I got infinity focus (at least at f/5.6…), ordered a split-field focusing screen from somewhere in the Far East, bought a few 49mm filters & accessories ; and now I'm buying more of this fun stuff ! Old AND new.
Found a Praktica MTL5B with 50mm f/1.8 MC (nah) in brand new condition for…€ 5 (!) and got a great little Tokina 135mm f/3.5 for FREE.
Now I followed your advice and acquired a Samyang 135mm f/2…a dream. It needs a master but gives great rewards.
And all of this is FUN, FUN, FUN !
Manual focus lenses are fun. I don’t know what it is, exactly, but it seems like you get a greater sense of accomplishment when you produce great images with them.
Just wanted to let you know that I now got an adapter that works. (At least after I've filed away some of the flange for the aperture-thingy to be able to move freely.)
The lens is really a joy to handle and focus.
I can also confirm that the Canon 1Ds mk III does NOT need any modifications and the mirror won't hit the lens at any focus setting.
I did, however, have some bad luck with my S-M-C Takumar. The distance scale came lose and I've got no idea how to fix it. (In addition to the A/M-pin that was bent/broken and made the flange-less adapter useless in the first place.)
Old lenses with issues (a Nikkor micro and the Tessar 50/2.8 with sticky oil in the focusing mechanism, the backfocusing issue of my Yashica-A and others) are stacking up now and I will likely let a pro handle them all at once.
I will write more about my findings when I can move on with my comparison on my blog:
Unfortunately, I'm stuck at the moment because my storage system is corrupted and I can't/won't work on any pictures until that's fixed. O.o
Ah, the joys of working with vintage glass. I just got the Fotodiox Pro M42 adapter and it is very nice.